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High Level Soluble Expression and ATPase Characterization of Human Heat Shock Protein GRP78.

Research paper by Shuang S Wu, Hongpeng H Zhang, Miao M Luo, Ke K Chen, Wei W Yang, Lei L Bai, Ailong A Huang, Deqiang D Wang

Indexed on: 23 Mar '17Published on: 23 Mar '17Published in: Biochemistry (Moscow)



Abstract

Human GRP78 has been shown to promote cancer progression and is regarded as a novel target for anticancer drugs. However, generation of recombinant full-length GRP78 remains challenging. This report demonstrates that E. coli autoinduction is an excellent method for the preparation of active recombinant GRP78 protein. The final yield was approximately 50 mg/liter of autoinduction culture. Gel-filtration experiments confirmed that the chaperone is a monomer. The purified human GRP78 catalyzed the conversion of ATP to ADP without requiring metal ions as cofactors. Three mutants, T38A, T229A, and S300A, exhibited much lower activity than wild-type GRP78, indicating that the active sites of the ATPase are located at the negatively charged cavity. Three mutants in the negatively charged cavity region dramatically reduced GRP78 activity, further confirming the region as the site of ATPase activity.