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High-frequency limit of non-autonomous gradient flows

Research paper by Simon Plazotta, Jonathan Zinsl

Indexed on: 18 Jan '16Published on: 18 Jan '16Published in: Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs



Abstract

We study the high-frequency limit of non-autonomous gradient flows in metric spaces of energy functionals comprising an explicitly time-dependent perturbation term which might oscillate in a rapid way, but fulfills a certain Lipschitz condition. On grounds of the existence results by Ferreira and Guevara (2015) on non-autonomous gradient flows (which we also extend to the framework of geodesically non-convex energies), we prove that the associated solution curves converge to a solution of the time-averaged evolution equation in the limit of infinite frequency. Under the additional assumption of dynamical geodesic $\lambda$-convexity of the energy, we obtain an explicit rate of convergence. In the non-convex case, we specifically investigate nonlinear drift-diffusion equations with time-dependent drift which are gradient flows with respect to the $L^2$-Wasserstein distance. We prove that a family of weak solutions obtained as a limit of the Minimizing Movement scheme exhibits the above-mentioned behaviour in the high-frequency limit.