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High accuracy timepiece

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 09 Sep '03

Hiroyuki Masaki

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

Accuracy adjustment apparatus for a timepiece has an accuracy adjustment data input control section including a case-mounted switch such as a crown of the timepiece. A crown state detection signal is used to determine the state of the crown. When an accuracy adjustment data input mode is indicated based on the position of the crown, an indicator of the timepiece is driven to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by operation of the crown. When the proper accuracy adjustment data has been selected, the data is stored to a memory.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A preferred form of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the construction of and the flow of signals in a high-accuracy timepiece according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a system diagram showing a method of driving a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand and a day wheel;

FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram showing an operation method for selecting a second rate fast/slow data input mode and an operation method for inputting second rate fast/slow data;

FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing a second rate fast/slow data input process performed by a data input control section;

FIG. 5 is a system diagram showing a method of driving a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand and a day wheel of a high-accuracy timepiece according to a second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a method of driving a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand of a high-accuracy timepiece according to a third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a method of driving a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand and a day wheel of a high-accuracy timepiece according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing the construction of and the flow of signals in a high-accuracy timepiece according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a circuit diagram showing an oscillation circuit of an oscillation section shown in FIG.

8.

FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram showing the construction of a power supply removal detection section;

FIG. 11 is a timing chart at the time of a power supply removal detection; and

FIG. 12 is a flowchart showing the operation of an oscillation control section.

Claims

1. A high-accuracy timepiece having accuracy adjustment means for adjusting the timekeeping accuracy of the timepiece by inputting and storing in a writable data storage means accuracy adjustment data used for adjusting the timekeeping accuracy of the timepiece when the timepiece is in a fully assembled state, the accuracy adjustment means having accuracy adjustment data input means comprising: a manually operable crown movable between a first state in which accuracy adjustment data is to be input and a second state in which accuracy adjustment data is not to be input; crown state detection means for detecting the state of the crown and outputting a crown state detection signal depending on whether the crown is in the first state or the second state; and data input control means for inputting the crown state detection signal from the crown state detection means, determining whether a predetermined series of crown movements have been performed and, when the predetermined series of crown movements have been performed, determining that accuracy adjustment data is to be input, and causing the data storage means to store the accuracy adjustment data.

2. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 1; further comprising oscillation means for outputting a timing reference signal, dividing means for inputting the timing reference signal output by the oscillation means and dividing the timing reference signal to produce a divided signal; indication means for indicating time counted based on the divided output signal of the dividing means; and rate adjustment means for inputting the accuracy adjustment data from the data storage means, calculating a rate adjustment amount, and controlling the dividing means so as to perform a rate adjustment operation.

3. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; wherein the data input control means inputs the crown state detection signal from the crown state detection means and the divided output signal from the dividing means, and determines whether the crown has been controlled to select a given set of accuracy adjustment data by detecting an operation that has been performed by manual movement of the crown and the timing of the operation.

4. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; wherein the indication means provides an indication of the accuracy adjustment data stored in the data storage means.

5. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; wherein the rate adjustment means includes means for input of accuracy adjustment data prior to final assembly of the timepiece, holding means for holding stored data even after a power supply of the timepiece has been temporarily removed, and for holding first accuracy adjustment data which is used for performing rough accuracy adjustment; wherein the data storage means stores second adjustment data which is used for performing fine accuracy adjustment after the timepiece is substantially fully assembled; and wherein the rate adjustment means obtains the second rate adjustment data from the data storage means, and calculates a logical rate adjustment amount from the first rate adjustment data and the second rate adjustment data, and controls the dividing means so as to perform a rate adjustment operation based on the logical rate adjustment amount.

6. high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; wherein the indication means provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

7. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2, further comprising a day wheel to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

8. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

9. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a minute hand to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

10. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising an hour hand to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

11. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand, a day wheel, a first motor for driving the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand, and a second motor for driving the day wheel to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

12. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand, a day wheel, a swing gear for meshing with either a gear train of a second hand wheel or a gear train of the day wheel depending on a direction of rotation thereof, and a motor for driving the swing gear so that when the motor rotates in a forward direction, the swing gear meshes with the gear train of the second hand wheel, and the motor drives the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand through the swing gear and when the motor rotates in a reverse direction the swing gear meshes with the gear train of the day wheel, and the motor drives the day wheel through the swing gear and by rotating the motor in the reverse direction to drive the day wheel through the swing gear, the day wheel provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

13. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand, and a single motor for driving the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand so that the second hand provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

14. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand, a day wheel, a first motor for driving the second hand, and a second motor for driving the minute hand, the hour hand and the day wheel so that the minute hand provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

15. A high-accuracy timepiece according to claim 2; further comprising a second hand, a minute hand, an hour hand, a day wheel, a first motor for driving the second hand and the minute hand and a second motor for driving the hour hand and the day wheel so that the hour hand provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the crown.

16. A timepiece having adjustable timekeeping accuracy, comprising: a memory for storing accuracy adjustment data used for adjusting the timekeeping accuracy of the timepiece; a switch mounted to a case of the timepiece for inputting the accuracy adjustment data; an indicator for indicating the accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch; detection means for detecting the state of the switch and outputting a state detection signal depending on the detected state; data input control means for determining whether a predetermined operation has been performed by manual operation of the switch based on the state detection signal, and, when the predetermined operation has been performed, determining that accuracy adjustment data is to be input and causing the memory to store the accuracy adjustment data; and rate adjustment means for adjusting a clock rate of the timepiece based on the stored accuracy adjustment data.

17. A timepiece according to claim 16; wherein the switch comprises a crown movable between a first state in which accuracy adjustment data is to be input and a second state in which accuracy adjustment data is not to be input.

18. A timepiece according to claim 16; wherein the indicator comprises at least one of a time indicating hand and a day wheel of the timepiece driven by a motor to indicate accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.

19. A timepiece according to claim 16; further comprising an oscillator for outputting a timing reference signal; and a dividing circuit for dividing the timing reference signal to produce a divided output signal; and wherein the rate adjustment means includes means for inputting the accuracy adjustment data from the memory, calculating a rate adjustment amount, and controlling the dividing circuit to perform a rate adjustment operation.

20. A timepiece according to claim 16; further including a second hand; a minute hand; an hour hand; a day wheel; a first motor for driving the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand; and a second motor for driving the day wheel to provide a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.

21. A timepiece according to claim 16; further including a second hand; a minute hand; an hour hand; a day wheel; a swing gear for meshing with either a gear train of a second hand wheel or a gear train of the day wheel depending on a direction of rotation thereof; and a motor for driving the swing gear so that when the motor rotates in a forward direction, the swing gear meshes with the gear train of the second hand wheel and the motor drives the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand through the swing gear, and when the motor rotates in a reverse direction the swing gear meshes with the gear train of the day wheel and the motor drives the day wheel through the swing gear so that the day wheel provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.

22. A timepiece according to claim 16; further including a second hand; a minute hand; an hour hand; and a single motor for driving the second hand, the minute hand and the hour hand so that one of the respective hands provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.

23. A timepiece according to claim 16; further including a second hand; a minute hand; an hour hand; a day wheel; a first motor for driving the second hand; and a second motor for driving the minute hand, the hour hand and the day wheel so that one of the respective hands provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.

24. A timepiece according to claim 16; further including a second hand; a minute hand; an hour hand; a day wheel; a first motor for driving the second hand and the minute hand; and a second motor for driving the hour hand and the day wheel so that the hour hand provides a visual indication of accuracy adjustment data selectable by manual operation of the switch.