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Hidden thermal structure in Fock space

Research paper by Chushun Tian, Kun Yang, Ping Fang, Hai-Jun Zhou, Jiao Wang

Indexed on: 02 Aug '18Published on: 02 Aug '18Published in: arXiv - Physics - Statistical Mechanics



Abstract

The emergence of quantum statistical mechanics from individual pure states of closed many-body systems is currently under intensive investigations. While most efforts have been put on the impacts of the direct interaction (i.e., the usual mutual interaction) between particles, here we study systematically and analytically the impacts of the exchange interaction, that arises from the particle indistinguishability. We show that this interaction leads an overwhelming number of Fock states to exhibit a structure, that can be resolved only by observables adjusted according to system's dynamical properties and from which thermal distributions emerge. This hidden thermal structure in Fock space is found to be related to the so-called limit shape of random geometric objects in mathematics. The structure enables us to uncover, for both ideal and nonideal Fermi gases, new mechanisms for the emergence of quantum statistical mechanics from individual eigenstates.