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Heterogeneous esterification of fatty acids with methanol catalyzed by Lewis acidic organozirconium complexes with Keggin-type mono-aluminum-substituted polyoxotungstates

Research paper by Chika Nozaki Kato, Tsukasa Ogasawara, Akari Kondo, Daichi Kato

Indexed on: 24 Apr '17Published on: 29 Mar '17Published in: Catalysis Communications



Abstract

Two Lewis acidic organozirconium complexes with α-Keggin-type mono-aluminum-substituted polyoxotungstates, [(n-C4H9)4N]6[α-PW11Al(OH)O39ZrCp2]2 (Cp = η5-C5H5−) (TBA-P-Al-Zr) and [(n-C4H9)4N]6[α-SiW11Al(OH)2O38ZrCp2]2·2H2O (TBA-Si-Al-Zr), were used as heterogeneous catalysts for the esterification of various fatty acids with methanol. For the esterification of linoleic acid at 80 ± 2 °C, TBA-P-Al-Zr exhibited 83% conversion after 6 h, approximately six times higher than that of TBA-Si-Al-Zr. TBA-P-Al-Zr also exhibited 69–90% conversion for the esterification of oleic acid, palmitic acid, myristic acid, and lauric acid with methanol at 80 ± 2 °C.

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