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Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Complicating Dengue and Plasmodium vivax Coinfection.

Research paper by Muhammad M Khurram, Muhammad M Faheem, Muhammad M Umar, Asif A Yasin, Wajeeha W Qayyum, Amna A Ashraf, Javeria J Zahid Khan, Ali A Hasnain Yasir, Yusra Y Ansari, Muhammad M Asad, Iram I Khan, Shuja S Abbas, Irum I Rasheed, Natasha N Rasool, Hamama Tul HT Bushra Khar

Indexed on: 28 Oct '15Published on: 28 Oct '15Published in: Case reports in medicine



Abstract

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disorder. Dysfunction of cytotoxic T and natural killer (NK) cells causes uncontrolled activity of lymphocytes and histiocytes which leads to HLH. Infections, malignancies, and autoimmune disorders are associated with development of HLH. Dengue and Plasmodium vivax are rare causes of HLH. We report the first ever case of a young man who developed fatal HLH that complicated Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Plasmodium vivax infection.