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Hemoglobin-mediated lipid oxidation and compositional characteristics of washed fish mince model systems made from cod (Gadus morhua), herring (Clupea harengus), and salmon (Salmo salar) muscle.

Research paper by Karin K Larsson, Annette A Almgren, Ingrid I Undeland

Indexed on: 04 Oct '07Published on: 04 Oct '07Published in: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry



Abstract

The use of washed cod light muscle minces in mechanistic studies of hemoglobin (Hb)-mediated fish lipid oxidation has largely increased in the past 5 years. Although cod light muscle has a low level of intrinsic lipid oxidation catalysts, a prerequisite for a good oxidation model system, we believe it cannot fully mimic the oxidation kinetics taking place in other fish species being more susceptible to lipid oxidation. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate whether washed mince model systems useful in Hb-mediated oxidation studies could be prepared also from herring (Clupea harengus) and salmon (Salmo salar) light muscles. The kinetics of oxidation in the washed models was measured during ice storage (+/-Hb), and the results were related to compositional differences. Minces from cod, herring, and salmon light muscles were washed 3 times with 3 volumes of water and buffer. A 20 microM portion of Hb and 200 ppm streptomycin was then added, followed by adjustment of pH and moisture to 6.3 and 86%, respectively. Samples with or without Hb were then stored on ice, and oxidation was followed as peroxide value (PV), rancid odor, redness (a*) loss and yellowness (b*). Prior to storage, all minces and models were also analyzed for total lipids, fatty acids, alpha-tocopherol, proteins, Hb, Fe, Cu, and Zn. Hb-mediated lipid oxidation appeared within 2 days on ice in all models. Small differences in the oxidation rates ranked the models as herring > cod > salmon. These differences were ascribed to more preformed peroxides and trace elements in the herring model, and more antioxidants in the salmon model. Controls, without Hb, stayed stable in all cases except herring, where a very slight oxidation appeared, especially if the herring raw material had been prefrozen. In conclusion, fattier fish like dark muscle species and salmonoids are useful for making washed mince model systems and would be a better choice than cod if there is an interest in the oxidation kinetics of such species.