# Heisenberg modules as function spaces

Let $\Delta$ be a closed subgroup of $G \times \widehat{G}$, where $G$ is a second countable, locally compact abelian group. Using localization of Hilbert $C^*$-modules, we show that the Heisenberg module $\mathcal{E}_{\Delta}(G)$ over the twisted group $C^*$-algebra $C^*(\Delta,c)$ due to Rieffel can be continuously and densely embedded into the Hilbert space $L^2(G)$. This allows us to characterize a finite set of generators for $\mathcal{E}_{\Delta}(G)$ as exactly the generators of multi-window (continuous) Gabor frames over $\Delta$, a result which was previously known only for a dense subspace of $\mathcal{E}_{\Delta}(G)$. We show that $\mathcal{E}_{\Delta}(G)$ as a function space satisfies two properties that make it eligible for time-frequency analysis: Its elements satisfy the fundamental identity of Gabor analysis if $\Delta$ is a lattice, and their associated frame operators corresponding to $\Delta$ are bounded.