Heat stress response results in increased macrophage inflammatory protein-2 concentration in a lipopolysaccharide-exposed macrophage cell line.

Research paper by Swati S Garekar, Sabrina M SM Heidemann, Maria M Glibetic

Indexed on: 13 May '06Published on: 13 May '06Published in: Journal of endotoxin research


Pretreatment with heat confers cardiopulmonary protection in endotoxemic animals. This mechanism may be through suppression of pro-inflammatory mediator production. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of heat stress on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in a lipopolysaccharide-exposed macrophage cell line and to study the relationship between TNF-alpha and MIP-2 production. Heat pretreatment resulted in decreased TNF-alpha transcription and translation by lipopolysaccharide-exposed macrophages; and increased MIP-2 concentration without additional effect in transcription. Administration of TNF-alpha antibody prior to exposure to lipopolysaccharide resulted in increased MIP-2 concentration suggesting that TNF-alpha acts to down-regulate MIP-2 production. The mechanism by which heat stress causes an increase in MIP-2 concentration may be secondary to its suppressing effect on TNF-alpha production.