Indexed on: 16 Feb '06Published on: 16 Feb '06Published in: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
To determine the bioavailability of industrially heat-treated milk proteins, male Wistar rats were given [15N]-labeled meals containing either nonheated-micellar casein (CAS), milk soluble protein isolate (MSPI), and microfiltered milk (MF)-or heated products-"high temperature short time" pasteurized (HTST), "higher temperature, shorter time" pasteurized (HHST), ultrahigh temperature-treated (UHT), and spray-dried (SPRAY) milks. The postprandial distribution of dietary nitrogen was measured in the splanchnic area and urea. Digestibility was around 96% except for SPRAY (94%) and MSPI (98%). Ingested nitrogen recovered in the splanchnic bed was 19.3% for SPRAY, 16.7% for MF, and around 14-15% for other products. Deamination of dietary nitrogen reached 21.2, 20.6, and 18.2% of ingested nitrogen for MSPI, SPRAY, and CAS, respectively, and around 14-16% for other products. In our model, only spray drying led to a significant increase of splanchnic extraction. Moreover, the biological value of purified protein fractions appeared to be lower than that seen in products containing total milk protein.