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Heat and mass transfer in a visco–elastic fluid flow over an accelerating surface with heat source/sink and viscous dissipation

Research paper by R. M. Sonth, S. K. Khan, M. S. Abel, K. V. Prasad

Indexed on: 01 Feb '02Published on: 01 Feb '02Published in: Heat and Mass Transfer



Abstract

 In this paper we present a mathematical analysis of heat and mass transfer phenomena in a visco–elastic fluid flow over an accelerating stretching sheet in the presence of heat source/sink, viscous dissipation and suction/blowing. Similarity transformations are used to convert highly non-linear partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. Several closed form analytical solutions for non-dimensional temperature, concentration, heat flux, mass flux profiles are obtained in the form of confluent hypergeometric (Kummer's) functions for two different cases of the boundary conditions, namely, (i) wall with prescribed second order power law temperature and second order power law concentration (PST), and (ii) wall with prescribed second order power law heat flux and second order power law mass flux (PHF). The effect of various physical parameters like visco–elasticity, Eckert number, Prandtl number, heat source/sink, Schmidt number and suction/blowing parameter on temperature and concentration profiles are analysed. The effects of all these parameters on wall temperature gradient and wall concentration gradient are also discussed.