Indexed on: 13 Jul '17Published on: 13 Jul '17Published in: Scientific Reports
Atrial fibrillation remains a major cause of morbi-mortality, making mass screening desirable and leading industry to actively develop devices devoted to automatic AF detection. Because there is a tendency toward mobile devices, there is a need for an accurate, rapid method for studying short inter-beat interval time series for real-time automatic medical monitoring. We report a new methodology to efficiently select highly discriminative variables between physiological states, here a normal sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation. We generate induced variables using the first ten time derivatives of an RR interval time series and formally express a new multivariate metric quantifying their discriminative power to drive state variable selection. When combined with a simple classifier, this new methodology results in 99.9% classification accuracy for 1-min RR interval time series (n = 7,400), with heart rate accelerations and jerks being the most discriminant variables. We show that the RR interval time series can be drastically reduced from 60 s to 3 s, with a classification accuracy of 95.0%. We show that heart rhythm characterization is facilitated by induced variables using time derivatives, which is a generic methodology that is particularly suitable to real-time medical monitoring.