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Health-e-Child project: mechanical dyssynchrony in children with dilated cardiomyopathy.

Research paper by Fabien F Labombarda, Julie J Blanc, Arnaud A Pellissier, Bertrand B Stos, Cathy C Gaillard, Fanny F Bajolle, Alice A Maltret, Daniel D Sidi, Damien D Bonnet, Younes Y Boudjemline

Indexed on: 22 Sep '09Published on: 22 Sep '09Published in: Journal of The American Society of Echocardiography



Abstract

Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony has been poorly studied in the pediatric population with dilated cardiomyopathy. We investigated the degree of dyssynchrony in children with dilated cardiomyopathy using tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking strain.Twenty-five children with dilated cardiomyopathy were compared with healthy subjects. Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony was assessed by speckle tracking strain and tissue Doppler imaging. Both radial and longitudinal dyssynchrony were analyzed. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was measured to assess the relation between dyssynchrony and ventricular function and remodeling.Radial and longitudinal dyssynchrony parameters were significantly higher in the dilated cardiomyopathy group and correlated with Z-score left ventricular end-diastolic diameter. A logarithmic correlation between left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter parameters was found.In children with dilated cardiomyopathy, tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking strain allowed the detection of dyssynchrony, which correlates with the severity of left ventricular function.