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Headquarters Resource Allocation for Inter-Subsidiary Innovation Transfer: The Effect of Within-Country and Cross-Country Cultural Differences

Research paper by Yuzhe Miao, Yuping Zeng; Jeoung Yul Lee

Indexed on: 03 Oct '16Published on: 01 Oct '16Published in: Management International Review



Abstract

Abstract Although the importance of cross-country cultural distance is widely acknowledged in the international business literature, we have limited understanding about how culture distance at different levels influences multinational corporations’ (MNCs’) subsidiary management. This paper contributes to culture-related research by stressing cultural differences at the sub-national level by examining how cultural distances at both the within- and cross-country levels simultaneously influence headquarters resource allocations for innovation transfer projects between subsidiaries. We find that the within-country cultural distance between subsidiaries is positively related to headquarters resource allocation for innovation transfer projects based on 1439 dyadic innovation transfer projects between Korean MNC subsidiaries located in China, and this relationship is strengthened when the cross-country cultural distance between headquarters and the sending subsidiary increases.AbstractAlthough the importance of cross-country cultural distance is widely acknowledged in the international business literature, we have limited understanding about how culture distance at different levels influences multinational corporations’ (MNCs’) subsidiary management. This paper contributes to culture-related research by stressing cultural differences at the sub-national level by examining how cultural distances at both the within- and cross-country levels simultaneously influence headquarters resource allocations for innovation transfer projects between subsidiaries. We find that the within-country cultural distance between subsidiaries is positively related to headquarters resource allocation for innovation transfer projects based on 1439 dyadic innovation transfer projects between Korean MNC subsidiaries located in China, and this relationship is strengthened when the cross-country cultural distance between headquarters and the sending subsidiary increases.