Hb Jambol: a new hyperunstable hemoglobin causing severe hemolytic anemia.

Research paper by G D GD Efremov, L L Simjanovska, D D Plaseska-Karanfilska, E E Stanojevic, G H GH Petkov

Indexed on: 11 Nov '06Published on: 11 Nov '06Published in: Acta haematologica


We describe a new hyperunstable beta-chain variant due to a complex genomic rearrangement. The abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) was found as a de novo mutation in a 2-year-old Bulgarian girl with severe hemolytic anemia. The mutation was detected through RNA/DNA analysis. It represents a complex genomic rearrangement involving an insertion of 23 nts after IVS-II-535 (derived by triplication of the 12-nts adjacent sequence and subsequent deletion of 1 nt), a deletion of 310 nts extending from IVS-II-550 to the first nt of Cd 108 and an insertion of 28 nts at the deletion junctions (derived from the inverted sequence between nts +3,707 and +3,734 3' to the beta-globin gene termination codon). At the protein level this mutation leads to a deletion of 4 amino acid residues (Leu-Leu-Glu-Asn) at positions 105-108 and an insertion of 9 residues (Val-Pro-Ser-Val-Thr-Leu-Phe-Phe-Asp) at the same location, creating an abnormal elongated beta-chain of 151 amino acid residues. This highly unstable variant was named 'Hb Jambol' after the geographic location in which the patient resides.