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Haemodynamic evaluation of the new pulsatile-flow generation method in vitro.

Research paper by George P GP Itkin, Alexander S AS Bychnev, Arkady P AP Kuleshov, Alexander A AA Drobyshev

Indexed on: 13 Oct '19Published on: 12 Oct '19Published in: The International journal of artificial organs



Abstract

Continuous-flow ventricular-assist devices are widely used to support patients with advanced heart failure, because continuous-flow ventricular-assist devices are more durable, have smaller sizes and have better survival rates for patients compared to the pulsatile-flow ventricular-assist devices. Nevertheless, continuous-flow ventricular-assist devices often cause complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding, haemorrhagic stroke, and aortic insufficiency and have a negative impact on the microcirculation for both long-time implantable and short-time extracorporeal systems. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the pulsatile-flow generation method in continuous-flow ventricular-assist device without pump speed changes. The method may be used for short-time extracorporeal continuous-flow mechanical circulatory support and long-time implantable mechanical circulatory support. A shunt with a controlled adjustable valve, that clamps periodically, is connected in parallel to the continuous-flow ventricular-assist device. We compared the continuous-flow ventricular-assist device operating with and without the shunt on the mock circulation loop. The continuous-flow ventricular-assist device-shunt system was connected according to the left ventricle-aorta circuit and worked in phase with the ventricle. Heart failure was simulated on the mock circulation circuit. Rotaflow (Maquet Inc.) was used as the continuous-flow pump. Haemolysis studies of the system for generating a pulse flow were carried out at a flow rate of 5 L/min and a pressure drop of 100 mm Hg. To compare the haemodynamic efficiency, we used the aortic pulsation index , the equivalent energy pressure and the surplus haemodynamic energy. These indexes were higher in the pulsatile mode ( - 4 times, equivalent energy pressure by 7.36% and surplus haemodynamic energy - 10 times), while haemolysis was the same. The normalised index of haemolysis was 0.0015 ± 0.001. The results demonstrate the efficiency of the pulsatile-flow generation method for continuous-flow ventricular-assist devices without impeller rotation rate changes.

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