Guinea Pig Pulmonary Mechanics: Altered Sensitivity to Carbachol by Cadmium and/or Selenium

Research paper by R. R. Bell, M. R. I. Soliman, V. K. Nonavinakere, D. M. Hammerbeck, J. L. Early II

Indexed on: 01 Jan '98Published on: 01 Jan '98Published in: Lung


Male Hartley guinea pigs (480–610 g) were treated intratracheally as follows: saline, cadmium (Cd, 0.3 mg), selenium (Se, 0.3 or 0.06 mg), or Se (0.06 mg) and Cd (0.3 mg) simultaneously. Selenium and Cd were administered as sodium selenite and cadmium chloride, respectively. Twenty-four h later, dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) and pulmonary resistance (Rp) were measured before (baseline Cdyn and Rp) and after carbachol administration (0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, and 0.1 μmol/kg, intravenously). Results indicated a significant decrease in baseline Cdyn caused by 0.3 mg of Cd, 0.3 mg or 0.06 mg of Se, and 0.3 mg of Cd with 0.06 mg of Se (p < 0.05). A significant increase in baseline Rp due to 0.3 mg of Se was observed (p < 0.05). Carbachol decreased Cdyn significantly below baseline, evident after lower doses of carbachol, in guinea pigs pretreated with 0.3 mg of Se, whereas a significant improvement in Cdyn was seen after 0.0001 μmol/kg carbachol in the group pretreated with Se and Cd simultaneously (p < 0.05) compared with the respective baseline values of the saline-treated group. Similarly, a significant increase in Rp was observed after carbachol in groups pretreated with 0.3 mg of Cd or Se (p < 0.05). Results also indicated a significant increase in large airway constriction caused by Cd and/or Se (p < 0.05). A leftward shift in the carbachol dose-response curve indicated increased sensitivity to carbachol in Cd- and/or Se-pretreated guinea pigs.