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Guillain-Barré syndrome: subtypes and predictors of outcome from India.

Research paper by Jayantee J Kalita, Usha K UK Misra, Gaurav G Goyal, Moromi M Das

Indexed on: 25 Jan '14Published on: 25 Jan '14Published in: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System



Abstract

There is a paucity of large studies evaluating the subtypes of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and their outcome from Southeast Asia. We report cliniconeurophysiological subtypes of GBS and their correlation with triggering events and 3-month outcome from northern India. Three hundred and twenty eight consecutive patients with GBS were clinically evaluated, including their triggers, severity, autonomic involvement, cranial nerve palsy, and respiratory paralysis. Nerve conduction study (NCS) was repeated at 3 weeks if the initial study was normal. They were categorized into acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP), acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN), acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN), inexcitable motor nerve, and equivocal. Clinically, 204 (62.2%) patients had pure motor, 106 (32.3%) motor sensory, 16 (4.9%) Miller Fisher syndrome, and 2 (0.6%) pure sensory GBS. Based on NCS, 242 (73.8%) had AIDP, 44 (13.4%) AMAN, 15 (4.6%) AMSAN, 8 (2.4%) inexcitable motor nerves, and 27 (8.2%) equivocal GBS. AIDP patients were older, more common in summer, had lesser peak disability, and better outcome compared to those with AMAN. Eleven (3.4%) patients died and 48 (14.6%) had poor outcome at 3 months. The poor outcome was related to severity, dysautonomia, and inexcitable motor nerves. AIDP is the commonest variant of GBS in our study and has better outcome compared to AMAN.