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Ground-state approximation for strongly interacting spin systems in arbitrary spatial dimension.

Research paper by S S Anders, M B MB Plenio, W W Dür, F F Verstraete, H-J HJ Briegel

Indexed on: 10 Oct '06Published on: 10 Oct '06Published in: Physical review letters



Abstract

We introduce a variational method for the approximation of ground states of strongly interacting spin systems in arbitrary geometries and spatial dimensions. The approach is based on weighted graph states and superpositions thereof. These states allow for the efficient computation of all local observables (e.g., energy) and include states with diverging correlation length and unbounded multiparticle entanglement. As a demonstration, we apply our approach to the Ising model on 1D, 2D, and 3D square lattices. We also present generalizations to higher spins and continuous-variable systems, which allows for the investigation of lattice field theories.