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Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states-based blind quantum computation with entanglement concentration.

Research paper by Xiaoqian X Zhang, Jian J Weng, Wei W Lu, Xiaochun X Li, Weiqi W Luo, Xiaoqing X Tan

Indexed on: 13 Sep '17Published on: 13 Sep '17Published in: Scientific Reports



Abstract

In blind quantum computation (BQC) protocol, the quantum computability of servers are complicated and powerful, while the clients are not. It is still a challenge for clients to delegate quantum computation to servers and keep the clients' inputs, outputs and algorithms private. Unfortunately, quantum channel noise is unavoidable in the practical transmission. In this paper, a novel BQC protocol based on maximally entangled Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states is proposed which doesn't need a trusted center. The protocol includes a client and two servers, where the client only needs to own quantum channels with two servers who have full-advantage quantum computers. Two servers perform entanglement concentration used to remove the noise, where the success probability can almost reach 100% in theory. But they learn nothing in the process of concentration because of the no-signaling principle, so this BQC protocol is secure and feasible.