GRB 131231A: Implications of the GeV emission

Research paper by Bin Liu, Wei Chen, Yun-Feng Liang, Bei Zhou, Hao-Ning He, Pak-Hin Thomas Tam, Lang Shao, Zhi-Ping Jin, Yi-Zhong Fan, Da-Ming Wei

Indexed on: 23 Apr '14Published on: 23 Apr '14Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena


GRB 131231A was detected by the Large Area Telescope onboard Fermi Space Gamma-ray Telescope. The high energy gamma-ray ($> 100$ MeV) afterglow emission spectrum is $F_\nu \propto \nu^{-0.54\pm0.15}$ in the first $\sim 1300$ s after the trigger and the most energetic photon has an energy $\sim 62$ GeV arriving at $t\sim 520$ s. With reasonable parameters of the GRB outflow as well as the density of the circum-burst medium, the synchrotron radiation of electrons or protons accelerated at an external forward shock have difficulty accounting for the data. The synchrotron self-Compton radiation of the forward shock-accelerated electrons, instead, can account for both the spectrum and temporal behavior of the GeV afterglow emission. We also show that the prospect for detecting GRB 131231A$-$like GRBs with Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is promising.