Gravitational radiation from rotating monopole-string systems

Research paper by E. Babichev, V. Dokuchaev, M. Kachelriess

Indexed on: 03 Mar '05Published on: 03 Mar '05Published in: Astrophysics


We study the gravitational radiation from a rotating monopole-antimonopole pair connected by a string. While at not too high frequencies the emitted gravitational spectrum is described asymptotically by $P_n\propto n^{-1}$, the spectrum is exponentially suppressed in the high-frequency limit, $P_n\propto \exp(-n/n_{\rm cr})$. Below $n_{\rm cr}$, the emitted spectrum of gravitational waves is very similar to the case of an oscillating monopole pair connected by a string, and we argue therefore that the spectrum found holds approximately for any moving monopole-string system. As application, we discuss the stochastic gravitational wave background generated by monopole-antimonopole pairs connected by strings in the early Universe and gravitational wave bursts emitted at present by monopole-string networks. We confirm that advanced gravitational wave detectors have the potential to detect a signal for string tensions as small as $G\mu\sim 10^{-13}$.