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Gravitational lensing by Reissner-Nordstr\"om black holes with topological defects

Research paper by Kimet Jusufi

Indexed on: 10 Dec '15Published on: 10 Dec '15Published in: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology



Abstract

Using a new geometrical approach introduced by Gibbons and Werner we study the deflection angle by Reissner-Nordstr\"{o}m black holes in the background spacetimes with a global monopole and a cosmic string. By calculating the corresponding optical Gaussian curvature and applying the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to the optical metric we find the leading terms of the deflection angle in the weak limit approximation. We find that the deflection angle increases due to the presence of topological defects.