Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist administration reduced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptors, and vascular permeability of the ovaries of hyperstimulated rats.

Research paper by Yoshimitsu Y Kitajima, Toshiaki T Endo, Kengo K Manase, Akira A Nishikawa, Masabumi M Shibuya, Ryuichi R Kudo

Indexed on: 17 Mar '04Published on: 17 Mar '04Published in: Fertility and Sterility®


Using hyperstimulated rats, to elucidate the mechanisms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) treatment to prevent early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).Descriptive study of hyperstimulated rats as an early OHSS model with Western blot analysis, Northern blot hybridization, and vascular permeability assay.Experimental laboratory research.Sprague-Dawley female rats were used for collecting ovarian samples.Hyperstimulated rats received consecutive GnRH-a treatment from the start of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) treatment through 2 days after hCG administration.Expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-1 (VEGFR-1: Flt-1), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2: KDR/Flk-1), and vascular permeability by Evans blue leakage.GnRH-a treatment significantly reduced expressions of VEGF, VEGFR-1, and VEGFR-2 both in mRNA and protein levels in the ovaries of hyperstimulated rats. GnRH-a treatment also reduced vascular permeability in the ovaries of hyperstimulated rats.It is speculated that GnRH-a treatment may prevent early OHSS by reducing vascular permeability through the decrease in VEGF and its receptors.