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Gold nanoelectrode arrays and their evaluation by impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry.

Research paper by David D Lantiat, Vincent V Vivier, Christel C Laberty-Robert, David D Grosso, Clément C Sanchez

Indexed on: 01 Jun '10Published on: 01 Jun '10Published in: ChemPhysChem



Abstract

A sol-gel strategy is developed to fabricate highly regular Au nanoelectrode arrays (NEAs) consisting of a nanoperforated ultrathin membrane of ZrO(2), which exhibits a well-ordered array of pores (65+/-5) nm in diameter with a mean center-to-center distance of (110+/-10) nm, on a polycrystalline gold surface. The structural properties are investigated by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), while grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) is used to assess the thickness homogeneity and the period of the array of electrodes. In addition, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are carried out to describe quantitatively the accessibility, electrochemical behavior, and diffusion processes of the gold NEA. A model applying parameters obtained from FE-SEM, CV, and EIS analyses is proposed to simulate the experimental results. A fairly good agreement between the experimental and the simulated data is obtained, thus allowing the deconvolution of the different diffusion regimes at the NEA.