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Genome-wide comparative analysis of LEAFY promoter sequence in angiosperms

Research paper by Zhichao Sun, Zheng Li; Jianqin Huang; Bingsong Zheng; Liangsheng Zhang; Zhengjia Wang

Indexed on: 08 Jan '17Published on: 19 Dec '16Published in: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants



Abstract

Regulation of the flowering mechanism is influenced by many environmental factors. Dissecting the regulatory processes upstream of the LFY (LEAFY) gene will help us to understand the molecular mechanisms of floral induction. In total, 53 LFY sequences were identified in 37 species. Among the 53 selected LFY promoters and after eliminating the short sequences, 47 LFY promoters were analyzed. Comparative genome studies for LFY promoters among plants showed that TATA-box existed in all herbaceous plants. The 1345-bp promoter sequence upstream to hickory LFY gene was cloned and analyzed, together with functional studies. The result of sequence alignment showed that the region of the hickory LFY promoter has only two conserved auxin response elements (AuxRE), whereas other plants had four. The positions of AuxRE in hickory and walnut were the same, but they were different from the positions from other plants. Furthermore the sequence analysis showed that the promoter have TATA-box and CAAT-box motifs. Deletion analysis of these motifs did not block β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity during the transient expression assay, suggesting that it may be a TATA-less promoter. Low temperature and light significantly induced the full-length promoter to increase about two folds of the GUS enzymatic activity, suggesting these environmental factors induced flowering in hickory. Regulation of the flowering mechanism is influenced by many environmental factors. Dissecting the regulatory processes upstream of the LFY (LEAFY) gene will help us to understand the molecular mechanisms of floral induction. In total, 53 LFY sequences were identified in 37 species. Among the 53 selected LFY promoters and after eliminating the short sequences, 47 LFY promoters were analyzed. Comparative genome studies for LFY promoters among plants showed that TATA-box existed in all herbaceous plants. The 1345-bp promoter sequence upstream to hickory LFY gene was cloned and analyzed, together with functional studies. The result of sequence alignment showed that the region of the hickory LFY promoter has only two conserved auxin response elements (AuxRE), whereas other plants had four. The positions of AuxRE in hickory and walnut were the same, but they were different from the positions from other plants. Furthermore the sequence analysis showed that the promoter have TATA-box and CAAT-box motifs. Deletion analysis of these motifs did not block β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity during the transient expression assay, suggesting that it may be a TATA-less promoter. Low temperature and light significantly induced the full-length promoter to increase about two folds of the GUS enzymatic activity, suggesting these environmental factors induced flowering in hickory.LFYLEAFYLFYLFYLFYLFYLFYLFY