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Genetic studies of selection criteria for productive and stable peas

Research paper by Virginie Bourion, Guy Fouilloux, Christine Le Signor, Isabelle Lejeune-Hénaut

Indexed on: 01 Sep '02Published on: 01 Sep '02Published in: Euphytica



Abstract

In this study we investigated the genetic determinism of criteria suitable for breeding for seed yield and yield stability in dry pea (Pisum sativumL.) using a diallel cross involving eight genotypes. Seven criteria related to plant and seed development were evaluated including: onset of flowering, node of first flower, leaf appearance rate, rate of progression of flowering, number of podded nodes on the main stem, mean dry seed weight per podded node and number of basal branches per plant. Most of these traits measured are related to timing of seed set and are thought to be critical in determining yield stability. We combined different diallel analyses (Hayman,1954; Griffing, 1956) with a Principal Component Analysis, to divide the parental lines into groups sharing similar genetic control for the traits studied. We found that the two main groups, defined according to their genetic control of node of first flower, also differed for all the others characters and, in particular, did not reach the same levels of productivity. These results indicated that crosses within the group with the highest productivity, but between lines with differing development and architectural features, could be a good starting point for breeding high-yield pure lines.