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Genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferases GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1 and GSTA1 as risk factors for schizophrenia.

Research paper by Paolo P Gravina, Ilaria I Spoletini, Silvia S Masini, Alessandra A Valentini, Diego D Vanni, Eleonora E Paladini, Paola P Bossù, Carlo C Caltagirone, Giorgio G Federici, Gianfranco G Spalletta, Sergio S Bernardini

Indexed on: 26 Nov '10Published on: 26 Nov '10Published in: Psychiatry Research



Abstract

Oxidative damage is thought to play a role in the predisposition to schizophrenia. We determined if the polymorphisms of the GSTP1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTA1 genes, which affect the activity of these enzymes against oxidative stress, have a role as susceptibility genes for schizophrenia, analyzing 138 schizophrenic patients and 133 healthy controls. We found that the combination of the absence of GSTM1 gene with the of the GSTM1 gene with the polymorphism GSTA1*B/*B, and the presence of the GSTT1 gene, represents a risk factor for schizophrenia, indicating that the combination of different GST polymorphisms has a role in the predisposition to schizophrenia, probably affecting the capacity of the cell to detoxify the oxidized metabolites of catecholamines.

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