Genetic and environmental factors in the resistance of Drosophila subobscura adults to high temperature shock

Research paper by A. Quintana, A. Prevosti

Indexed on: 01 Jan '91Published on: 01 Jan '91Published in: Genetica


Two replicate selection experiments to increase and decrease heat shock resistance of Drosophila subobscura adults were carried out maintaining control lines. In the present paper, the chromosomal-inversion and enzymatic polymorphism variation with selection is analyzed. The results indicate an erratic variation of chromosomal arrangement frequencies for practically all the chromosomes in the selected lines, showing a loss of the less frequent arrangements especially in sensitive lines. Only the A chromosome and the O+4 arrangement show a behaviour that may not be due to random effects, which points to the possible existence of heat shock factor(s) in these chromosomes. Similarly, an erratic variation of allele frequencies is observed for all the enzymes studied (Aph, Pept-1) except for the Hk-1 enzyme. We cannot establish the possible participation of this locus in heat shock resistance from the results obtained up to now. A significant decrease in heterozygosity is detected in sensitive lines from chromosomal-inversion polymorphism.