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Generation of Functional Organs Using a Cell-Competitive Niche in Intra- and Inter-species Rodent Chimeras.

Research paper by Toshiya T Nishimura, Fabian P FP Suchy, Joydeep J Bhadury, Kyomi J KJ Igarashi, Carsten T CT Charlesworth, Hiromitsu H Nakauchi

Indexed on: 30 Dec '20Published on: 30 Dec '20Published in: Cell Stem Cell



Abstract

Interspecies organ generation via blastocyst complementation has succeeded in rodents, but not yet in evolutionally more distant species. Early developmental arrest hinders the formation of highly chimeric fetuses. We demonstrate that the deletion of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (Igf1r) in mouse embryos creates a permissive "cell-competitive niche" in several organs, significantly augmenting both mouse intraspecies and mouse/rat interspecies donor chimerism that continuously increases from embryonic day 11 onward, sometimes even taking over entire organs within intraspecies chimeras. Since Igf1r deletion allows the evasion of early developmental arrest, interspecies fetuses with high levels of organ chimerism can be generated via blastocyst complementation. This observation should facilitate donor cell contribution to host tissues, resulting in whole-organ generation via blastocyst complementation across wide evolutionary distances. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.