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Generalized Nambu-Goldstone pion in dense matter: a schematic NJL model

Research paper by Yifan Song, Gordon Baym

Indexed on: 23 Mar '17Published on: 23 Mar '17Published in: arXiv - Nuclear Theory



Abstract

Chiral symmetry is always broken in cold, dense matter, by chiral condensation at low densities and by diquark condensation at high density. We construct here, within a schematic Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, the corresponding generalized Nambu-Goldstone pion, $\pi_G$. As we show, the $\pi_G$ mode naturally emerges as a linear combination of the $\langle \bar{q}q\rangle$ vacuum pion $\pi$ and the $\langle qq \rangle$ diquark pion $\tilde{\pi}$, with $q$ the quark field, and continuously evolves with increasing density from being $\pi$-like in the vacuum to $\tilde{\pi}$-like in the high density diquark pairing phase. We calculate the density-dependent mass, decay constant, and coupling to quarks of the $\pi_G$, and derive a generalized Gell-Mann--Oakes--Renner (GMOR) relation in the presence of a finite bare quark mass $m_q$. We briefly discuss the implications of the results to possible Bose condensation of $\pi_G$ in more realistic models.