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General rogue waves in the nonlocal PT-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger equation

Research paper by Bo Yang, Jianke Yang

Indexed on: 16 Nov '17Published on: 16 Nov '17Published in: arXiv - Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems



Abstract

Rogue waves in the nonlocal PT-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation are studied by Darboux transformation. Three types of rogue waves are derived, and their explicit expressions in terms of Schur polynomials are presented. These rogue waves show a much wider variety than those in the local NLS equation. For instance, the polynomial degrees of their denominators can be not only $n(n+1)$, but also $n(n-1)+1$ and $n^2$, where $n$ is an arbitrary positive integer. Dynamics of these rogue waves is also examined. It is shown that these rogue waves can be bounded for all space and time, or develop collapsing singularities, depending on their types as well as values of their free parameters. In addition, the solution dynamics exhibits rich patterns, most of which have no counterparts in the local NLS equation.