Gender differences in reasons to quit smoking among adolescents.

Research paper by Laura L LL Struik, Erin K EK O'Loughlin, Erika N EN Dugas, Joan L JL Bottorff, Jennifer L JL O'Loughlin

Indexed on: 19 Jul '13Published on: 19 Jul '13Published in: The Journal of school nursing : the official publication of the National Association of School Nurses


It is well established that many adolescents who smoke want to quit, but little is known about why adolescents want to quit and if reasons to quit differ across gender. The objective of this study was to determine if reasons to quit smoking differ in boys and girls. Data on the Adolescent Reasons for Quitting (ARFQ) scale were collected in mailed self-report questionnaires in 2010-2011 from 113 female and 83 male smokers aged 14-19 years participating in AdoQuest, a longitudinal cohort study of the natural course of the co-occurrence of health-compromising behaviors in children. Overall, the findings indicate that reasons to quit in boys and girls appear to be generally similar, although this finding may relate to a lack of gender-oriented items in the ARFQ scale. There is a need for continued research to develop and test reasons to quit scales for adolescents that include gender-oriented items.