Indexed on: 08 Jun '16Published on: 08 Jun '16Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect
Charge carriers in the quantum Hall regime propagate via one-dimensional conducting channels that form along the edge of a two-dimensional electron gas. Controlling their transmission through a gate-tunable constriction that spatially confines electron transport is key for many coherent transport experiments. However, in graphene, tailoring constrictions with electrostatic gates remains challenging due to the formation of p-n junctions below gate electrodes along which electron and hole edge channels co-propagate and mix. Here we report the demonstration of confinement and gate-tunable transmission of quantum Hall edge channels in a split-gate defined quantum point contact in high mobility graphene. We identify the exact gate configurations necessary for quantum point contact operation without electron-hole mixing, and for realizing full channel pinch-off. Our work opens the door to a wealth of electron quantum optics experiments in the quantum Hall regime of graphene.