GaSb: A New Alternative Substrate for Epitaxial Growth of HgCdTe

Research paper by W. Lei, R. J. Gu, J. Antoszewski, J. Dell, L. Faraone

Indexed on: 11 Feb '14Published on: 11 Feb '14Published in: Journal of Electronic Materials


In this work, GaSb is proposed as a new alternative substrate for the growth of HgCdTe via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Due to the smaller mismatch in both lattice constant and coefficient of thermal expansion between GaSb and HgCdTe, GaSb presents a better alternative substrate for the epitaxial growth of HgCdTe, in comparison to alternative substrates such as Si, Ge, and GaAs. In our recent efforts, a CdTe buffer layer technology has been developed on GaSb substrates via MBE. By optimizing the growth conditions (mainly growth temperature and VI/II flux ratio), CdTe buffer layers have been grown on GaSb substrates with material quality comparable to, and slightly better than, CdTe buffer layers grown on GaAs substrates, which is one of the state-of-the-art alternative substrates used in growing HgCdTe for the fabrication of mid-wave infrared detectors. The results presented in this paper indicate the great potential of GaSb to become the next generation alternative substrate for HgCdTe infrared detectors, demonstrating MBE-grown CdTe buffer layers with rocking curve (double crystal x-ray diffraction) full width at half maximum of ∼60 arcsec and etch pit density of ∼106 cm−2.