Imported: 13 Feb '17 | Published: 18 Jan '11
USPTO - Utility Patents
A γd-Crystalline form of ivabradine hydrochloride of formula (I):
characterised by its powder X-ray diffraction data.
Medicinal products containing the same which are useful as bradycardics.
The present invention relates to the new γd-crystalline form of ivabradine hydrochloride of formula (I), to a process for its preparation and to pharmaceutical compositions containing it.
Ivabradine, and addition salts thereof with a pharmaceutically acceptable acid, and more especially its hydrochloride, have very valuable pharmacological and therapeutic properties, especially bradycardic properties, making those compounds useful in the treatment or prevention of various clinical situations of myocardial ischaemia such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarct and associated rhythm disturbances, and also in various pathologies involving rhythm disturbances, especially supraventricular rhythm disturbances, and in heart failure.
The preparation and therapeutic use of ivabradine and addition salts thereof with a pharmaceutically acceptable acid, and more especially its hydrochloride, have been described in the European patent specification EP 0 534 859.
In view of the pharmaceutical value of this compound, it has been of prime importance to obtain it with excellent purity. It has also been important to be able to synthesise it by means of a process that can readily be converted to the industrial scale, especially in a form that allows rapid filtration and drying. Finally, that form had to be perfectly reproducible, easily formulated and sufficiently stable to allow its storage for long periods without particular requirements for temperature, light or oxygen level.
The patent specification EP 0 534 859 describes a synthesis process for ivabradine and its hydrochloride. However, that document does not specify the conditions for obtaining ivabradine in a form that exhibits those characteristics in a reproducible manner.
The Applicant has now found that a particular salt of ivabradine, the hydrochloride, can be obtained in a crystalline form that is well defined and that exhibits valuable characteristics of stability and processability.
More specifically, the present invention relates to the γd-crystalline form of ivabradine hydrochloride, which is characterised by the following powder X-ray diffraction diagram measured using a PANalytical X'Pert Pro diffractometer together with an X'Celerator detector and expressed in terms of ray position (Bragg's angle 2 theta, expressed in degrees), ray height (expressed in counts), ray area (expressed in counts x degrees), ray width at half-height (“FWHM”, expressed in degrees) and interplanar distance d (expressed in Å):
The invention relates also to a process for the preparation of the γd-crystalline form of ivabradine hydrochloride, which process is characterised in that a mixture of ivabradine hydrochloride and 2-ethoxyethanol, a mixture of ivabradine hydrochloride, 2-ethoxyethanol and water, or a mixture of ivabradine hydrochloride, ethanol and water is heated until dissolution is complete and is then cooled until crystallisation is complete, and the crystals obtained are collected by filtration and dehydrated.
The invention relates also to pharmaceutical compositions comprising as active ingredient the γd-crystalline form of ivabradine hydrochloride together with one or more appropriate, inert, non-toxic excipients. Among the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention, there may be mentioned more especially those that are suitable for oral, parenteral (intravenous or subcutaneous) or nasal administration, tablets or dragées, sublingual tablets, gelatin capsules, lozenges, suppositories, creams, ointments, dermal gels, injectable preparations, drinkable suspensions.
The useful dosage can be varied according to the nature and severity of the disorder, the administration route and the age and weight of the patient. That dosage varies from 1 to 500 mg per day in one or more administrations.
The following Examples illustrate the invention.
The X-ray powder diffraction spectrum was measured under the following experimental conditions:
40 ml of 2-ethoxyethanol are preheated to 80° C., and then 8.4 g of ivabradine hydrochloride obtained according to the process described in the patent specification EP 0 534 859 are added in portions, with stirring, and the mixture is heated at 80° C. until dissolution is complete. After returning to ambient temperature, the solution is stored for 8 days, and then the crystals formed are collected by filtration and rinsed with cyclohexane.
The product thereby obtained is dehydrated by progressively heating at a rate of 5° C./min up to a temperature of 80° C.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Diagram:
The X-ray powder diffraction profile (diffraction angles) of the γd-form of ivabradine hydrochloride is given by the significant rays collated in the following table:
Formula for the preparation of 1000 tablets each containing 5 mg of ivabradine base: