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Galois actions on analytifications and tropicalizations

Research paper by Tyler Foster

Indexed on: 22 Mar '17Published on: 22 Mar '17Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry



Abstract

This paper initiates a research program that seeks to recover algebro-geometric Galois representations from combinatorial data. We study tropicalizations equipped with symmetries coming from the Galois-action present on the lattice of $1$-parameter subgroups inside ambient Galois-twisted toric varieties. Over a Henselian field, the resulting tropicalization maps become Galois-equivariant. We call their images Galois-equivariant tropicalizations, and use them to construct a large supply of Galois representations in the tropical cellular cohomology groups of Itenberg, Katzarkov, Mikhalkin, and Zharkov. We also prove two results which say that under minimal hypotheses on a variety $X_{0}$ over a Henselian field $K_{0}$, Galois-equivariant tropicalizations carry all of the arithmetic structure of $X_{0}$. Namely: (1) The Galois-orbit of any point of $X_{0}$ valued in the separable closure of $K_{0}$ is reproduced faithfully as a Galois-set inside some Galois-equivariant tropicalization of our variety. (2) The Berkovich analytification of $X_{0}$ over the separable closure of $K_{0}$, equipped with its canonical Galois-action, is the inverse limit of all Galois-equivariant tropicalizations of our variety.