Indexed on: 01 May '08Published on: 01 May '08Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Piscidin 2 (P2), a 22-residue cationic peptide isolated from the mast cells of hybrid striped bass, has potent antibacterial activities. However, its antifungal properties are not completely understood. In the current study, we investigated the antifungal effects and mode of action of P2. P2 exhibited potent antifungal activity against human pathogenic fungi. To understand the fungicidal properties of P2, we focused on a membrane-active mechanism of the peptide by in vivo and in vitro testing. Flow cytometric analysis using bis-(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol [DiBAC(4)(3)] and protoplast regeneration experiments showed that P2 caused fungal membrane damage. Furthermore, fluorescence analysis using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) revealed that P2 created pores in fungal membranes. These results were confirmed with dye leakage tests by using liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylserine (3:1, w/w), which mimicked fungal membranes. The present study indicated that P2 exerts its fungicidal effects by perturbing membrane activities.