Functional outcomes comparing Triathlon versus Duracon total knee arthroplasty: does the Triathlon outperform its predecessor?

Research paper by Jennifer J Palmer, Karen K Sloan, Gavin G Clark

Indexed on: 07 Mar '14Published on: 07 Mar '14Published in: International Orthopaedics


Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prosthesis designs are constantly evolving to obtain greater functional performance. The aim of this study is to compare the functional outcomes between the newer single radius (SR) Triathlon prosthesis with its multiradius (MR) predecessor the Duracon.We analysed 1,012 primary TKA procedures which used either the Triathlon SR prosthesis or the Duracon MR prosthesis (338 Triathlon, 674 Duracon). Patients were assessed using the Knee Society score (KSS), range of movement measurements, pain and walking assessments at time points pre-operatively, one year and two years postoperatively.Both groups were similar pre-operatively in terms of age, gender and body mass index (BMI). At one year postoperatively the Triathlon group had a significantly better flexion (P = 0.005) and KSS (function score P = 0.037, knee score P = 0.000). At two years postoperatively the Triathlons had maintained a significantly better KSS (function score P = 0.046, knee score P = 0.000) and also knee flexion (P = 0.02). Pain assessments at two years were significantly better in the Triathlon group (P = 0.002) with 66.3 % of patients experiencing no pain at that point compared to 54.4 % with Duracon knees.This data supports the proposition that the use of Triathlon TKA results in improved outcomes for patients when compared to the Duracon TKA.