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Functional outcomes and return to sports after surgical treatment of insertional Achilles tendinopathy: Surgical approach tailored to the degree of tendon involvement.

Research paper by Alexandre A Hardy, Romain R Rousseau, Samir S Issa, Antoine A Gerometta, Hugues H Pascal-Moussellard, Benjamin B Granger, Frédéric F Khiami

Indexed on: 01 Jun '18Published on: 01 Jun '18Published in: Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research



Abstract

Insertional Achilles tendinopathy is a generic term that encompasses several types of ailments. While conservative treatment is less effective than for conditions isolated to the tendon body, there is no consensus as to the best type of surgical care. Surgical treatment for insertional Achilles tendinopathy that is tailored to the severity of the tendon involvement will lead to satisfactory functional outcomes. Forty-six patients were included with an average age of 44.1±11.4 years and a mean preoperative AOFAS score of 62.2±11.7. The mean duration of symptoms before the surgery was 33.1±24 months. The inclusion criteria were pain at the tendon insertion and failure of at least 6 months of conservative treatment. Tendon involvement was evaluated preoperatively using MRI and confirmed intraoperatively after debridement. The primary treatment in all patients was resection of the calcaneal abnormality. Depending on the degree of tendon involvement, debridement or detachment/reattachment were also performed. The minimum follow-up was 12 months. The mean follow-up was 33±13.5 months. None of the patients were lost to follow-up. The mean AOFAS score was 93.7±7.3 at the last follow-up. The ATRS and VISA-A scores were 89.2±4.1 and 89±3.2, respectively. The sports participation level was the same or higher in 71.7% of cases. Increased preoperative passive dorsiflexion was statistically correlated with the degree of tendon involvement. Surgery for insertional Achilles tendinopathy led to good functional outcomes and satisfactory return to sports when the surgical care was tailored to the degree of tendon involvement. IV. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.