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Functional Interactions between Major Rice Blast Resistance Genes, Pi-ta and Pi-b, and Minor Blast Resistance QTL.

Research paper by Xinglong X Chen, Yulin Y Jia, Melissa H MH Jia, Shannon S Pinson, Xueyan X Wang, Bo Ming BM Wu

Indexed on: 17 Apr '18Published on: 17 Apr '18Published in: Phytopathology



Abstract

Major blast resistance (R) genes confer resistance in a gene-for-gene manner. However, little information is available on interactions between R genes. In this study, interactions between two rice blast R genes, Pi-ta and Pi-b, and other minor blast resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL) were investigated in a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population comprising of 243 RILs from a 'Cybonnet' (CYBT)×'Saber' (SB) cross. CYBT has the R gene Pi-ta and SB has Pi-b. Ten differential isolates of four Magnaporthe oryzae races (IB-1, IB-17, IB-49, and IE-1K) were used to evaluate disease reactions of the 243 RILs under greenhouse conditions. Five resistance QTL were mapped on chromosomes 2, 3, 8, 9, and 12 with a linkage map of 179 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. Among them, qBR12 (Q1), was mapped at the Pi-ta locus and accounted for 45.41% of phenotypic variation while qBR2 (Q2) was located at the Pi-b locus and accounted for24.81%of disease reactions. An additive-by-additive epistatic interaction between Q1 (Pi-ta) and Q2 (Pi-b) was detected; they can enhance the disease resistance by an additive 0.93 using the 0 to 9 standard phenotyping method. These results suggest that Pi-ta interacts synergistically with Pi-b.