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Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state to Topologic Superfluidity Transition in Bilayer Spin-orbit Coupled Degenerate Fermi Gas

Research paper by Liang-Liang Wang, Qing Sun, W. -M. Liu, G. Juzeliünas, An-Chun Ji

Indexed on: 15 Feb '17Published on: 15 Feb '17Published in: arXiv - Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases



Abstract

Recently a scheme has been proposed for generating the 2D Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling (SOC) for ultracold atomic bosons in a bilayer geometry [S.-W. Su et al, Phys. Rev. A 93, 053630 (2016)]. Here we investigate the superfluidity properties of a degenerate Fermi gas affected by the SOC in such a bilayer system. We demonstrate that a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) state appears in the regime of small to moderate atom-light coupling. In contrast to the ordinary SOC, the FFLO state emerges in the bilayer system without adding any external fields or spin polarization. As the atom-light coupling increases, the system can transit from the FFLO state to a topological superfluid state. These findings are also confirmed by the BdG simulations with a weak harmonic trap added.