Free and total malondialdehyde assessment in biological matrices by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: what is needed for an accurate detection.

Research paper by G G Cighetti, S S Debiasi, R R Paroni, P P Allevi

Indexed on: 16 Jan '99Published on: 16 Jan '99Published in: Analytical Biochemistry: Methods in the Biological Sciences


A method to determine free and total (free and bound) malondialdehyde (MDA) in fresh human plasma, or in rat liver microsomes, using selected ion monitoring (SIM) gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the electron impact mode was set up. The dideuterated internal standard, 3-hydroxy[1, 3-2H2]-2-propenal (dMDA), was added to the biological samples before their analytical manipulation. To detect free MDA the samples were reacted under mild conditions (25 degreesC, pH 4.0, 30 min) with phenylhydrazine (PH), affording 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole and its 3, 5-dideuterated isotopomer. For the evaluation of total MDA level the plasma or microsomes were subjected, before the derivatization step, to hydrolysis in the presence of 1 M NaOH under preestablished conditions. This method offers several advantages such specificity, precision (within-day CV 2.0%, between-day CV 2.1%), linearity (0. 01-15 microM) and high sensitivity (5 pmol injected). The recovery of known added MDA amounts from plasma and microsomes, hydrolyzed or not, accounted for 98 +/- 0.6%. The free MDA levels found in the plasma and microsomes were 0.14 +/- 0.03 microM and 0.048 +/- 0.006 nmol/mg protein, respectively. The total MDA levels were 1.3 +/- 0. 07 microM in plasma and 0.36 +/- 0.04 nmol/mg protein in the microsomes.