Indexed on: 23 Feb '21Published on: 22 Feb '21Published in: Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology
FOXI1 plays a key role in the development of gastric cancer. However, the whole genome FOXI1 binding sites and its target genes are unclear. In the present study, we used ChIP-seq and RNA-seq technologies to identify the target gene of FOXI1. Firstly, ChIP-seq data showed that, 4476 unique peaks in the genome region were captured. Most of these binding peaks are located in introns or intergenic regions. We annotated all the peaks to the nearest gene and identified 404 genes as FOXI1 binding genes. KEGG and GO analysis showed that FOXI1 binding gene to be correlated with the cellular process, cell part, cell, binding, single-organism process. Further, we performed FOXI1-overexpressed RNA-seq experiment. We comprehensively analyzed the ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data and take the intersection of two databases, several genes were identified. ATF3 was selected from the intersection since ATF3 was the most enriched mRNA after FOXI1 overexpressed. ChIP-qPCR and luciferase report gene were used to validate that ATF3 was target gene of FOXI1. Intriguely, ATF3 protein was significantly downregulated after FOXI1 overexpressed. We found FOXI1 can also bind to the promoter of miR-590 and active it which directly target ATF3. The binding site between FOXI1 and miR-590 was verified by ChIP-qPCR and luciferase report gene, and the target relationship between miR-590 and ATF3 was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter gene. In conclusion, our data identified the genome binding sites of FOXI1, and provide evidence that FOXI1 inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation by activating miR-590/ATF3 axis. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.