Indexed on: 06 Sep '01Published on: 06 Sep '01Published in: The Journal of parasitology
A total of 53 spiral intestines from 3 species of rays collected in the Gulf of California, Baja, Mexico, was examined for cestodes of the order Lecanicephalidea. Four new genera and 5 new species were discovered as a result of this study. These are Aberrapex senticosus n. gen., n. sp., from Myliobatis californica, Paraberrapex manifestus n. gen., n. sp., from Squatina californica and Healyum harenamica n. gen., n. sp., Healyum pulvis n. sp. and Quadcuspibothrium francisi n. gen., n. sp., from Mobula japanica. Aberrapex n. gen. and Paraberrapex n. gen. can be distinguished from all other lecanicephalidean genera based on the lack of an apical structure (pars apicalis) on their scolex. Aberrapex n. gen. can be distinguished from Paraberrapex n. gen. based on the presence of an external seminal vesicle, a vagina positioned lateral rather than medial in the proglottid, and an ovary that is tetralobed rather than bilobed in cross section. Healyum n. gen. and Quadcuspibothrium n. gen. are unique among lecanicephalidean genera, including Aberrapex n. gen. and Paraberrapex n. gen., in their possession of a trilobed ovary in cross section. Quadcuspibothrium n. gen. can be distinguished from Healyum n. gen. based on its unique shape of the acetabula, which are diamond-shaped. The 2 species of Healyum n. gen. can be distinguished from one another based on the dimensions and the shape of the scolex, the diameter of the suckerlike acetabula, as well as the shape of the spiniform microtriches on the acetabular rims. Discobothrium arrhynchum is transferred to the genus Aberrapex n. gen. and the original description of this species is emended to include details of the vas deferens and the uterine duct and uterus. The microtrich patterns of the 5 new species and Aberrapex arrhynchum n. comb. are described. These are the first records of tapeworms of the Lecanicephalidea from the Gulf of California. Squatina californica and Mobula japanica represent new host records for lecanicephalidean tapeworms. The ordinal diagnosis of the Lecanicephalidea by Euzet (1994) is emended to include these 4 new genera.