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Four mu4-oxo-bridged copper(II) complexes: magnetic properties and catalytic applications in liquid phase partial oxidation reactions.

Research paper by Partha P Roy, Mahasweta M Nandi, Mario M Manassero, Mauro M Riccó, Marcello M Mazzani, Asim A Bhaumik, Pradyot P Banerjee

Indexed on: 28 Oct '09Published on: 28 Oct '09Published in: Dalton Transactions



Abstract

Four copper(II) complexes, [Cu(4)(O)(L(n))(2)(CH(3)COO)(4)] with N(2)O-donor Schiff-base ligands, where HL(1) = 4-methyl-2,6-bis(cyclohexylmethyliminomethyl)phenol for complex 1, HL(2) = 4-methyl-2,6-bis(phenylmethyliminomethyl)phenol for complex 2 x CH(3)CN, HL(3) = 4-methyl-2,6-bis(((3-tri-fluoromethyl)phenyl)methyliminomethyl)phenol for complex 3, HL(4) = 4-methyl-2,6-bis(((4-tri-fluoromethyl)phenyl)methyliminomethyl)phenol for complex 4, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-vis spectroscopy and finally by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. X-Ray analysis reveals that all of these are mu(4)-oxo-bridged tetrameric copper(II) complexes. Four copper atoms arrange themselves around an oxygen atom tetrahedrally. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show the existence of very strong antiferromagnetic coupling among these ions (J = -210.1 to -271.3 cm(-1)), mediated by the oxygen atoms. Catalysis of the epoxidation of cyclohexene, styrene, alpha-methylstyrene and trans-stilbene by these complexes has been carried out homogeneously as well as heterogeneously by immobilizing the metal complexes over 2D-hexagonal mesoporous silica. The results obtained in both the catalytic conditions show that the olefins are converted to the respective epoxides in good yield together with high selectivity.