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Forskolin activation of apical Cl- channel and Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter via a PTK-dependent pathway in renal epithelium.

Research paper by N N Niisato, Y Y Marunaka

Indexed on: 27 Jul '01Published on: 27 Jul '01Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications



Abstract

Forskolin induced the transepithelial Cl- transport (secretion) by activating the apical Cl- channel and basolateral Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter in renal epithelial A6 cells via an increase in cytosolic cAMP concentration. The cAMP activation of apical Cl- channel and Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter was partially mediated through a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent pathway, but a PKA-independent pathway was also suggested to be involved in the cAMP activation. Therefore, we assessed a possibility of involvement of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK)-dependent pathway as a PKA-independent pathway in the cAMP activation by applying a PTK inhibitor, tyrphostin A23 (AG18). Tyrphostin A23 abolished the forskolin-induced transepithelial Cl- secretion by partially diminishing the activity of the Cl- channel and completely inhibiting the Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter. Further, forskolin increased phosphorylation of protein tyrosine, suggesting that cAMP activates PTK. These observations suggest that cAMP activates the Cl- channel and the Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter by activating PTK.