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Flue gas energy transfer system

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Carlos Zayas

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A flue gas energy transfer system for increasing the efficiency of hot-water and/or steam boiler. They system utilizes an arrangement of heat transfer ducts with damper elements for the selective diverting exhaust combustion gases. The heat transfer ducts transmit the exhaust gases for contiguous contact with the boiler for conductive heat transfer. The heated gases are retained within the transfer duct after boiler shutdown for maintaining an elevated water temperature.

Description

With these ends in view, the invention finds embodiment in certain combinations of elements and arrangements of parts by which the aforementioned preferred objects and certain other objects are hereinafter attained, all as more fully described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the scope of which is more particularly indicated in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the accompany drawings, in which is shown an exemplary embodiment in accordance with the principles of the invention:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a boiler incorporating the flue gas energy transfer system of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view to an enlarged scale taken substantially along line

2

2 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic drawing illustrating the operation of the heat recovery system.

Claims

1. A flue gas energy transfer system adapted for use with an internally fired boiler having a combustion chamber providing a heat source for a fluid medium contained within the boiler, said boiler including a collector member for receiving heated exhaust gases from the combustion chamber, said transfer system of this invention comprising a flue pipe in communication with the collector member for discharging combustion gases into the atmosphere, an auxiliary heat transfer duct in communication with the collector member, said heat transfer duct selectively providing an alternative flow path for the exhaust gases from the collector member to the flue pipe, a damper member within the respective flue pipe and the heat transfer duct, for selectively diverting the exhaust gases to the alternative flow path, with said heat transfer duct being in contiguous contact with the boiler for heat transfer from the exhaust gases to the contained fluid medium.

2. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including an intake damper member in the heat transfer duct proximate the collector member and a vent damper member proximate the flue pipe.

3. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the damper member in the flue pipe is proximate the collector member.

4. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said damper members are motorized and adapted for automatic control.

5. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 2 wherein the damper member in said flue pipe is adapted to remain in an open position and the intake damper member and the vent damper member are adapted to remain in a closed position for boiler operation without auxiliary heating.

6. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 2 wherein the flue pipe damper member is placed in a closed position and the intake damper member and the vent damper member of the heat transfer duct are placed in an open position with the flow path for exhaust gases being through the heat transfer duct for providing supplemental heating to the fluid contained within the boiler.

7. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 2 wherein the intake damper member and the vent damper member are displaceable to a closed position for retaining the exhaust gases within the transfer duct.

8. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 2 wherein the respective damper members are motorized and linked to a control module for automatic actuation.

9. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including a temperature sensor, said temperature sensor being located in the flue pipe, a control module for automatic operation of the damper members, said control module being responsive to said temperature sensor for regulating operation of the damper members.

10. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including a pressure sensor, said pressure sensor being sensitive to the draft within the flue pipe, a control module member being responsive to the pressure sensor for adjustable operation of the damper members.

11. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including a smoke detector linked to a control module, said control module being responsive to a unsafe smoke conditions for effecting a burner shutdown.

12. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including a branch connector pipe intermediate the heat transfer duct and the flue pipe.

13. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 further including an insulating jacket member, said jacket member being positionable in overlying relationship with respect to the heat transfer duct for heat retention.

14. A flue gas energy transfer system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the heat transfer duct is in contiguous contact with the boiler for a majority of the length of the alternative flow path for conductive heat transfer.

15. A flue gas energy transfer system adapted for use with an internally fired boiler having a combustion chamber providing a heat source for a fluid medium contained within the boiler, said boiler including a collector member for receiving heated exhaust gases from the combustion chamber, said transfer system of this invention comprising a flue pipe for discharging combustion gases from the collector member into the atmosphere, an auxiliary heat transfer duct in communication with the collector member, said auxiliary heat transfer duct and flue pipe including damper means for selectively diverting the exhaust gases through the heat transfer duct to the flue pipe, said heat transfer duct being in contiguous contact with an exterior wall of the boiler for a majority of its length for transferring heat from the exhaust gases to the fluid medium contained within the boiler.