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First-stage enrichment in CO2-laser-induced13C separation by a two-stage IRMPD process: IRMPD of CHClF2/Br2 mixtures

Research paper by S. Arai, K. Sugita, P. Ma, Y. Ishikawa, H. Kaetsu, S. Isomura

Indexed on: 01 May '89Published on: 01 May '89Published in: Applied Physics B



Abstract

We have been studying the practical CO2-laser-induced13C separation by a two-stage IRMPD process. The IRMPD of natural CHClF2 in the presence of Br2 mainly produced CBr2F2, which was found to be highly enriched with13C. The yield and13C-atom fraction of CBr2F2 were examined as functions of pulse number, laser line, laser fluence, total pressure, and Br2 pressure using a CO2 TEA laser with an output less than 1 J pulse−1 in order to optimize experimental conditions for13C separation. For example, we obtained CBr2F2 at a13C concentration of 55% in the irradiation of the mixture of 100-Torr CHClF2 and 10-Torr Br2 with the laser radiation at a wavenumber of 1045.02 cm−1 and at a fluence of 3.4 J cm−2. The mechanism for the IRMPD is discussed on the basis of observed results. Using 8-J pulses, we were able to obtain 1.9×10−4 g of13C-enriched CBr2F2 (13C-atom fraction, 47%) per pulse under selected conditions. It is possible to produce 90% or higher13C by the second-stage IRMPD of the CBr2F2 in the presence of oxygen.