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First-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with activating EGFR mutation: is combined EGFR-TKIs and chemotherapy a better choice?

Research paper by Shuyun Wang, Aiqin Gao, Jie Liu, Yuping Sun

Indexed on: 12 Jan '18Published on: 11 Jan '18Published in: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology



Abstract

As the standard first-line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have significantly improved the median progression-free survival (PFS) up to 18.9 months. However, almost all patients eventually develop acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs, which limits the first-line PFS. To overcome the resistance and improve overall survival, researchers have tried to identify the resistance mechanisms and develop new treatment strategies, among which a combination of EGFR-TKIs and cytotoxic chemotherapy is one of the hotspots. The data from preclinical and clinical studies on combined EGFR-TKIs and chemotherapy have shown very interesting results. Here, we reviewed the available preclinical and clinical studies on first-line EGFR-TKIs–chemotherapy combination in patients with advanced NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutation, aiming to provide evidences for more potential choices and shed light on clinical treatment.